5 Common Firearms and Their Purpose

Whether you’re new to firearms or merely want to brush up on your knowledge, this article has you covered. Whether you’re looking for an introduction to common firearms, or are more of an expert and want to increase your knowledge about hunting rifles, pistols, shotguns, etc, this post will help. You’ll also find descriptions of what each type is used for.

5 Common Firearms and Their Purpose


Revolvers are great for close-range hunting and protection. These firearms have a cylinder with multiple chambers. The chambers have a rim or lip that revolves around the cylinder as it turns, which is how ammunition is loaded into the firearm. Each chamber holds one cartridge of ammunition, which means that six or more can be held at once inside the weapon. They are the most common type of handguns in America and account for half of all handgun sales each year.


Pistols are modern-day hunting revolvers. They have a cylinder that holds one cartridge of ammunition at a time. Like revolvers, pistols can be found in many varieties, from small concealable semiautomatic pistols to large heavy-duty bolt action pistols. They are the second most popular type of handgun firearm in America.


Shotguns are great for hunting and protection. Oftentimes, they can be found with a pump-action, which means that the user has to pull the slide back and forth to manually load each chamber with one cartridge of ammunition. Semi-automatic shotguns will load themselves as long as you hold down the trigger. They are incredibly powerful and should only be used at close range for hunting animals such as deer, bears, and birds like ducks or geese.

Rifle or Carbine

Rifles are powerful firearms that can shoot high-work ammunition. These firearms have a large magazine, which holds many rounds of ammunition. Carbines are similar to rifles but have a shorter barrel for greater accuracy and more power at a smaller size. They are commonly used for home defense and in some police departments.

Assault Rifle

Now, there are different names for this type of firearm. This gun is often called an assault rifle but is also referred to as an automatic rifle or submachine gun. They are rapid-firing guns that can fire many rounds before needing to be reloaded. Autofire weapons are very powerful and should only be handled by professionals.

There you have it, the five common firearms and their purpose. Hopefully, this article has given you a better understanding of these weapons and how they work. Whatever gun you decide to purchase from the gun shop, just make sure it’s something that is legal in your area and is best suited to your needs.