Insulation is the term for materials that prevent heat from escaping or entering a building via its walls. It is essential in buildings where people need to avoid being in heat or cold temperatures. The best insulation for houses is fiberglass and other pliable materials. However, any material can effectively be used as an insulator if the proper methods are in place to ensure maximum efficiency.
Domestic insulation is essential in homes where physical changes can affect the walls of a building. The most apparent change affecting a home’s energy efficiency is the addition or removal of windows. If curtains are being used, there might be a need for insulation in the form of shades or blinds to prevent heat radiation through the glass and to potentially keep out light, reducing the amount of energy that comes through.
Choosing an Insulation Material
The type of insulation is based on the heat in the home, which is measured via a thermostat. Each type of insulation has its advantages and disadvantages, which are considered before choosing a material; examples of some available materials include:
- Foam: This is a relatively cheap material that is lightweight but also creates a lot of heat when it expands.
- Polyurethane: The material is made from polyurethane, which is a plastic-like substance that is used to make foam. It can have a thin coat of fiberglass applied, but it also contains chemicals that may damage the environment.
- Mineral wool: It conducts both heat and sound, which means it’s one of the most efficient insulators. However, it can harden under extreme cold climates, making cracks in the insulation in some places inevitable.
Foam insulation is one of the most commonly used materials, especially in homes built on all-foam platforms and many other types of homes. It’s also an excellent choice for areas where high humidity is a concern because it absorbs moisture like a sponge. Foam insulation is non-toxic and does not emit fumes into the air when it expands or cools down; however, it can produce harmful emissions.
Insulation for Walls & Ceilings
There are two primary forms of insulation for walls and ceilings: spray foam insulation and reflective insulation. Spray foam insulation is typically used to insulate walls and roofs, making it the ideal choice for cold temperatures. It comes in a canister which is then pushed through a hose and sprayed into place; this type of insulation is perfect for attics because it doesn’t require fasteners for installation. Reflective insulation, on the other hand, is often sprayed on ceilings or walls to keep heat from escaping too quickly. If you need to add insulation to your ceiling or walls, contact a company like Gunner Insulation Company LLC for help.
Adequate home insulation is important for keeping you and your family comfortable. The above tips are just some of the ways you can improve insulation throughout your home.